Legislative performance of the Council of Representatives of the laws required a constitutional
* Hadi Aziz Ali
Issued a permanent constitution in 2005, has been appended to (67) of its articles of $ (144) Article obliges the House of Representatives to legislate legal, variety of themes between political and economic, financial, social, educational, and other other topics, has received prompt enactment of laws by section arranged by the Constitution , we include each other and in the following manner:
1 – Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Constitution compelled the legislature to organize the relationship between workers and employers on economic basis, taking into account the rules of social justice, it also provided for freedom of movement for workers, goods and capital between the regions and governorates, and obligated the state ensured. The text as well, to ensure the state to encourage investment in various sectors. It also relieved of the Constitution, lower income taxes, to ensure that no prejudice to the minimum necessary for a living, and the text on the necessity of a law of social security and health in old age, illness or disability, homelessness, orphanage or unemployment, and work to protect them from ignorance, fear and poverty, and care for the disabled and those with special needs and rehabilitation to integrate them in society. He spoke of the State to ensure the right to form trade unions and professional associations or to join it, and the necessity of addressing the issue of expropriation for the purposes of public benefit, and asked the House of Representatives passed a law in every one of those topics.
The total amount of laws which compelled the House of Representatives Pthariaha Constitution, under the heading of economic, social and cultural rights (12) law, which was issued only one rule, is the Investment Law No. (13) for the year 2006.
2 – Freedoms
In separate freedoms mention the constitution freedom of assembly and peaceful demonstration, freedom of association and political parties, or to join it and to ensure that the State, as the text of the State’s keenness on strengthening the role of civil society institutions, and support, development and independence in accordance with peaceful means to realize legitimate goals. The total claimed Pthariaha laws under this heading five laws, which was issued one law is the law of non-governmental organizations (12) for the year 2010.
3 – House of Representatives and the Federation Council
Under this heading, the Constitution committed the House of Representatives for passing the legislation necessary conditions for candidates and voters, and everything related to the election, and to address cases of replacement of House members when they resign or are removed or disease, and defining the rights and privileges of the Speaker and his deputies and members of the House of Representatives. Constitution also included the establishment of legislative council called the (Federal Council) comprised of representatives of regions and governorates not organized territory, and that its composition, conditions of membership and terms of reference and everything related to it, under the law to be issued for this purpose.
The total claimed Pthariaha laws under this heading five laws, which was issued two laws, the first is House Bill No. (50) for the year 2007, and the second law of replacement of members of the House of Representatives numbered (6) for the year 2006.
4 – the executive branch
Contained in this subject should be issued a law regulating the provisions of the nomination for the post of President of the Republic, and the provisions of choosing a vice president or more, and the salary and allowances of the President of the Republic, and the salaries of the President and members of the Council of Ministers and of their grade, and the work of security services and the national intelligence service, the statement of duties and powers, to act according to principles of human rights, and the formation of ministries and their functions, duties and powers of the minister.
A total of six laws to be legislation laws, has not adopted any law.
5 – Judiciary
Does not comply with the House of Representatives mandate contained in the Constitution about the laws to be issued to regulate the judicial work, such as the judiciary, and the law of the Federal Supreme Court containing the number of judges and how they are selected, and the work of the Tribunal and the terms of reference to be taken, Kalrkabp the constitutionality of laws and the interpretation of constitutional provisions, and determine charges against President and Chairman of the Council of Ministers, the composition of the courts and the types and levels and competencies, and how the appointment of judges and their service, members of the public prosecution and discipline, and retirement, and the law, which authorizes the establishment of a Council of State, to assume the functions of administrative jurisdiction, advisory and legal drafting of bills, and the military justice and its terms of reference T limited to crimes of a military nature, committed members of the armed forces and security forces.
The total amount of laws to be legislation under this title six laws, has not adopted any law.
6 – independent bodies
Under the name of independent bodies was named High Commissioner for Human Rights, the Electoral Commission, and the Integrity Commission, and the Central Bank, and the Office of Financial Supervision, and the media and communications, and the Endowment Foundation of the martyrs, and the General Authority to ensure the rights of the regions and governorates that are not committed to the province, and the General Authority to monitor the allocation of imports Federal Council and the public service, and the solution of Real Property Disputes.
The total amount of laws to be legislation under the title of independent bodies of 12 laws, which was issued five laws are the law of the CRRPD No. 2 of 2006, and the law of the Martyrs Foundation No. 3 of 2006, and the Law of the Electoral Commission for elections, No. 11 of 2007, and the Law Commission High Commissioner for Human Rights No. 53 for the year 2008, and the law of the Federal Public Service Council No. 4 of 2009.
7 – in some terms of reference of the federal authorities
Laws on oil and gas and management with the governments of the regions and governorates, and management of the subject of monuments and structures of heritage and manuscripts, and management of customs, in coordination with the governments of the regions and governorates not organized territory, and policy-making on water resources internal and organized, ensuring a fair distribution to them, has a total of four laws did not issue any by law.
8 – Governorates not organized into a Region
Enjoined the Constitution grants the provinces irregular province powers extensive administrative and financial, to enable them to manage their affairs in accordance with the principle of administrative decentralization. And addressed in the constitution also elected provincial council and governor and their authorities, and the possibility of delegation of the federal government to the provinces or vice versa, and the total subject of three laws passed, including two laws, the first law of governorates not organized into a Region No. (21) for the year 2008, and a provincial elections law No. (36) for the year 2008 .
As above, the legislative performance of the Council of Representatives for the period from 2006 – 2010 was low, Valmushara not close to the basic needs of citizens most in need of them, such as laws that protect human dignity from want and poverty, old age, sickness, disability, homelessness, orphanhood, disability, unemployment, and for this we see the enthusiasm of the concrete to legislate over lavish of the situation for members of the House of Representatives and the Chairs and the ministers and other special grades.
To summarize, and as a matter of statistics, the total requested by the Constitution, laws, legislation (67) law, which proceeded for the period from 2006-2010 (14) law only, or by completion of up to 21%. This figure put before the parliament the new legislation has been done only through its new bills amounting to nine months from the date of ratification of the Federal Supreme Court on the election results, and that his hand did not extend to the laws after the session